Tuesday, December 13, 2005

Grammar - Genitive Particle Part 3

Ok, last part in the genitive article series, for the time being.

If the last letter in the syllable is a vowel, the genitive particle takes the simple form of 'i. Depending on the syllable the pronunciation also could change, let's say the word ends with o, and you add 'i, then the pronunciation becomes umlaut-o, the vowel sound in the English word birth.

Examples:
sgom pa'i lam - path of meditation, sgom pa is meditation
gnyen po'i rtog pa - power of the anti-dote, rtog pa - power.
skye ba'i rgyu - cause of rebirth, rgyu is cause, skye ba is birth (remember skye...)

Note: Remember the word rgyu, we will use this word soon in a complete sentence!

zab mo'i chos - profound dharma teachings, zab mo is profound.

Finally, there's an ancient form of the genitive particle, yi, this is used especially in verses as it could shorten down the syllables with one, to fit into a seven-syllable verse and so forth. It's seldom you see yi used in commentaries and other texts. Anyway, an example from the mandala offering:

ri yi rgyal po - king of mountains, ri - mountain, rgyal po - king, kinglike, this is Mount Meru.

1 comment:

Sherab Chen 智音 said...

a minor mistake: rtog pa is not "power" but "conceptual thought" (kalpa in skt.) -- I guess you wanted to say "stobs" (bala in skt. power, strength)

It's nice to find your blog! Enjoyed reading :o)