Another example is སོ་སོ།, an expression that means individual, distinct. So we got a lot of mileage just by learning another letter and how to build vowels.
Try to find the letter ས in the text below.
With Tibetan letters, the vowels are marked with a sign above or below the root letter. To take the མ MA letter, if you add a line above, མེ, it becomes ME (fire). If you add this sign above, མི, it becomes MI (human, or a negation particle). If you have this, མོ, it is MO (divination system). Finally, with this sign, མུ , you have MU (border.)
There are many ways to learn the Tibetan letters. One basic system is based on how they are pronounced.
I'm really having fun with Unicode and Tibetan. But part of this is to take a lot of ACIP encoding material that I have as well as available from AsianClassics.org and similar places.
This issue came up recently on the dharmadictionary mailing lists as part of us starting to look into using Tibetan Unicode at the web site.
Posted by KHX at 3:57 PM
I will start using Tibetan Unicode fonts in this blog from this time forward.
To continue with the twelve spheres:
མ་འོངས་པ། ma 'ongs pa is future, the འི 'i at the end is a genitive particle that binds from right to left.
ཉེ་བར་སྤྱོད་པ། nye bar spyod pa is enjoyment,་རྣམ་པ། rnam pa is class or division.
དྲུག drug is number six. སྐྱེ་བ། skye ba is to arise, and again the 'i is a genitive particle binding from right to left.
སྒོ། sgo is a useful word, meaning door in the figurative sense, like a sense door. And you should know the 'i by now.
ཕྱིར། phyir is because. As this ends the whole sentence, we have the last letter doubling by the རོ ro construct.
All together, there's an entrance to the future sixfold experiences or enjoyments. Earlier we saw there were two parts, body (or really deha, the six objects, eye, ear, tongue, body and mental organ) and the objectification. Two times six means twelve.
To continue the explanation why exactly twelve spheres:
ལུས། lus here means body. དང། dang is a binding particle. We talked about ཡོངས་སུ་གཟུང་པ། yongs su gzung ba earlier; ཡོངས་སུ། yongs su is an expression, completely.གཟུང་བ། gzung ba is objectification, to grasp to objects. And this expression really has to do with sense objects and their objectification.
གཉིས། gnyis is two, or both, and་ཉིད། nyid means exactly, itself.
So we are again dealing with the body and the objectification via senses.
Next in Abhidharma-Samuccaya is the issue why there is exactly twelve spheres.
ཅིའི་ཕྱིར། ci'i phyir is why.སྐྱེ་མཆེད། skye mched is sphere; with the plural particle རྣམས། rnams this becomes spheres.
བཅུ་གཉིས། bcu gnyis is twelve.
ཁོ་ན། kho na is only, ཞེ་ན། zhe na is what does it mean. Note that this the same pattern as with the earlier questions listed in this text.